Why is Android 12 so buggy? It’s complicated

Android 12 is one of many platform’s most formidable updates in current historical past, bringing a significant design overhaul to each nook of the working system. It has additionally been one of many rockiest Android OS launches up to now few years. Each Samsung and OnePlus paused the rollout of their steady Android 12-based updates amid reviews of significant bugs. Google itself has addressed a laundry record of bug reviews from Pixel 6 homeowners, simply because it’s making an attempt to persuade them it’s lastly discovered the best way to construct a very premium telephone. What within the heck is occurring?

The quick reply is that there are some distinctive complicating elements at play this 12 months but in addition that Android is inherently somewhat bit messy — that simply comes with the territory whenever you’re designing a pleasant public park in comparison with Apple’s walled backyard. Regardless of a refreshed look and a few interesting new high-end handsets, Android is nonetheless Android — the nice and the unhealthy.

Android 12’s launch began predictably sufficient with a proper announcement at Google I/O in Could 2021. After that, the timeline appears to be like somewhat completely different from earlier years. A full steady launch got here a month later than regular, on October 4th, 2021. The Pixel 6 and 6 Professional launched later that month with Android 12 pre-loaded. A handful of bugs had been to be anticipated, however Google’s December Pixel replace included dozens of fixes regardless of Google having that further month.

Even worse, the December patch itself proved problematic as some Pixel 6 homeowners complained about community connection issues worsened by the replace. Google halted the replace and later removed it from its archive to stop guide downloads. When requested, the corporate didn’t provide an evidence for the problematic replace however pointed to a statement {that a} repair is coming in late January that may embrace all the bug fixes deliberate for the December patch.


Pixel 6 homeowners are nonetheless ready for the bug fixes initially slated for the December replace.

Picture by Amelia Holowaty Krales

Google’s not alone in having hassle with its new OS. Samsung customers in South Korea reported serious problems with their Galaxy Fold 3 and Flip 3 units after putting in the One UI 4.0 (Android 12) steady launch, together with flickering shows and bricked telephones. Samsung acknowledged the issue and responded initially by releasing a fourth beta version of the software program to repair bugs launched by the steady launch.

OnePlus’ steady launch wasn’t so steady, both: its Android 12 pores and skin was so buggy that the corporate paused its launch, like Google, after it was extensively criticized. In a quick assertion, OnePlus defined that the actual fact this launch marked the corporate’s try and combine its OxygenOS and ColorOS codebases into the identical construct “led to the software program expertise not being easy” and that its software program staff “collected the Group’s suggestions and launched a brand new construct of OxygenOS 12 inside per week to ship a greater person expertise.”

“the largest OS replace to Android since Android 5.0 Lollipop, and that was a few years in the past”

In every case, these “steady” releases had been something however, and none of those corporations provided a lot element about what went flawed. To attempt to work out what the heck is occurring, we talked to Mishaal Rahman, former editor-in-chief of XDA Builders, who’s well-known for digging into Android codebases and discovering Google’s secrets and techniques. Chatting with the Pixel 6 bugs specifically, Rahman guesses that it has quite a bit to do with the unusually massive dimension of the replace. “Many individuals have known as it, myself included, the largest OS replace to Android since Android 5.0 Lollipop, and that was a few years in the past. There are simply so many huge modifications to the interface and to the characteristic set.”

He additionally means that Google’s dedication to situation a brand new Android replace yearly could make issues worse when it’s making an attempt to do so a lot, and the self-imposed one-year improvement cycle doesn’t go away a lot wiggle room within the timeline. “They began instantly after Android 11 was launched to the general public — they usually have a tough cutoff date… After that, they simply concentrate on fixing bugs.” Delay any longer, they usually’d threat bumping into subsequent 12 months’s improvement cycle.

It’s additionally doable that the try and carry well timed Android updates to non-Google units wound up backfiring. Android telephone homeowners have been asking for quicker updates for a very long time — exterior of Google’s Pixel telephones and dear flagships, many units face lengthy waits for OS updates. Positive sufficient, the updates have come quicker this 12 months. Working example: Samsung customers are accustomed to ready about three months after an Android steady launch to get their completed One UI replace with the brand new model of the OS, however this 12 months, One UI 4.0 arrived only one and a half months after Android 12. However the best way issues have gone this 12 months, many customers would possible have opted for a slower, steady replace somewhat than a quick one riddled with bugs.

OnePlus, by its personal admission, confronted distinctive issues because it tried to merge Oppo’s ColorOS and OxygenOS

OnePlus, by its personal admission, confronted distinctive issues because it tried to merge Oppo’s ColorOS and OxygenOS on the identical time it integrated Android 12’s modifications. That’s a recipe for bugs, Rahman explains. “Gadgets which can be upgrading from Android 11 with OxygenOS 11 to OxygenOS 12 are having lots of settings and options being migrated.”

As an example the issue, he describes a bug that some Realme machine homeowners have encountered: customers who restore settings from an previous Android telephone when organising a Realme machine would typically discover the Night Light setting constantly enabled on their new phone. This occurred due to a mismatch between Realme and Google’s open-source implementations of Evening Gentle. OxygenOS 12, he suspects, suffered from related points. “It’s these sorts of bugs which can be plaguing this replace.”


Whereas it’s nonetheless exhausting to know how an update as buggy as OnePlus’ preliminary OxygenOS 12 launch earned a “steady” designation, it makes somewhat extra sense whenever you account for the massive problem of merging two codebases.

There’s no straight line from Android 12 to the Galaxy S21 or OnePlus 9

Whereas all of those elements possible contributed to an unusually troubled launch, the underlying downside is a well-known one. By its nature, Android is a fragmented ecosystem. There’s no straight line from Android 12 to the Galaxy S21 or OnePlus 9 — each main replace sees handoffs between the producer, carriers, and Google, all of which end in delays. Initiatives like Venture Treble appear to have helped velocity up some components of the method, however except Google takes some drastic actions, no person can utterly repair the issue.

Whereas OEMs and Google push to get updates out quicker, they’ve additionally made a push to supply extra attention-grabbing, premium units. OnePlus seems to be separating its “flagships, however cheaper” ethos into two completely different realms: “flagships” just like the 9 Professional and separate “cheaper” telephones a la the Nord sequence. Samsung is making a severe try and carry foldables into the mainstream. Google has positioned the Pixel 6 and 6 Professional as true flagships, with customized processors and a design language that’s extra polished and fewer quirky than earlier generations. This buggy OS rollout dangers taking among the shine off of the polished picture these machine makers are hoping to domesticate — the truth is, the damage may already be done.

My Pixel 6 Professional has slowly gotten so buggy since launch in October that I can not suggest it at $900. Mixed with the most recent botched replace it is simply been a foul expertise. My SIM is again in an S21 Extremely til the following evaluation.

— Marques Brownlee (@MKBHD) January 12, 2022

It’s a disgrace as a result of they’ve succeeded with the {hardware}. The Pixel 6 and 6 Professional are two of the perfect telephones Google has ever made. OnePlus’ ambition to create a real flagship competitor has resulted in a refined product that’s the real article. And this time round, Samsung appears to have succeeded at making a foldable telephone that has captured the eye of extra than simply tech geeks. However behind the shiny {hardware}, the software program expertise can nonetheless be uneven at occasions. That’s simpler to forgive on a midrange or funds telephone, however it’s powerful to abdomen from a premium machine.

It’s unlikely, although, that this unusually troubled launch will sway important numbers of individuals to bail on Android; as painful as a few of these bugs have been, they’re in all probability not sufficient to push customers over the hurdles of leaping ship to Apple. Rahman thinks that generally, the ecosystem lock-in is too sturdy.

behind the shiny {hardware}, the software program expertise can nonetheless be uneven at occasions

“You’d lose out on so many apps and providers that you simply pay for. When you’ve got different units that work together together with your smartphone, you’d lose entry to that, or that entry could be diminished not directly. I don’t see it as a big issue convincing individuals to show away from a specific machine.” These limitations exist on Apple’s facet as nicely, in fact. Just lately surfaced emails from Apple executives indicate that iMessage stays unique to iPhones as a mechanism to maintain Apple customers with Apple.

Apple has additionally had its share of software program stumbles, to make sure. But it surely’s typically a extra predictable expertise — for those who’re prepared to dwell throughout the boundaries of that walled backyard. And there’s the flipside of Android’s fragmented existence: there’s no single entity dictating the {hardware} and software program. In Apple’s ecosystem, you get what it deems to be the proper options on the proper time, and that’s that. Foldables? Possibly in just a few years. A rainbow of customizable system colours? Neglect it. Life is somewhat extra attention-grabbing — if, at occasions, unpredictable and uneven — exterior of the backyard partitions.

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