I first met Florence Price (1887-1953) and Margaret Bonds (1913-1972) in the autumn of 2009. I used to be an undergraduate alternate scholar at McGill College in Montreal, and as I sat in my professor’s early Twentieth-century music course and realized of the lives and music ofthese two Black feminine composers, it grew to become clear these conferences had been meant to occur.
Worth was born in Little Rock, Arkansas. Her dad and mom nurtured her musical presents from a younger age and she or he studied at the New England Conservatory in Boston. After a brief return to the south, throughout which period Worth witnessed elevated racial violence in direction of African Individuals, she moved to Chicago in the late Twenties. On 15 June 1933, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra premiered her Symphony No 1 in E minor, making her the first Black lady composer to achieve nationwide recognition. At that very same live performance, the 20-year-old Chicago-born pianist Margaret Bonds grew to become the first Black solo instrumentalist to carry out with that orchestra when she performed John Alden Carpenter’s Concertino for Piano and Orchestra.
Bonds was, very like her mentor and pal Worth, a little one prodigy. I believe of her as a daughter of the Black Chicago renaissance: an period of cultural rebirth, social transformation and wealthy creative expression that unfolded by way of the first half of the Twentieth century. I realized about it a lot later as I made Worth and her Chicago community of Black feminine composers the topic of my PhD. However as a scholar, oblivious to the particulars of Worth’s and Bonds’ lives, it was their music that drew me in.
Like Worth and Bonds, I had additionally been enjoying the piano since the age of three. However not like them, I didn’t share the expertise of listening to, finding out beneath, and collaborating with Black composers and performers from such an early age. I it had been inculcated in me to see classical music by way of a slender lens that rendered the contributions of Black ladies solely absent. My music schooling proceeded from there and left me wanting into a world in which I felt I might by no means actually belong. This was my norm. Black ladies didn’t exist there. Every historical past seminar, idea class and piano lesson affirmed this obvious actuality. Being the solely lady of African descent in the music classroom implied that I shouldn’t exist there, both. I knew I wished to pursue music historical past and piano efficiency, however I had little sense of my place in both realm.
However, on hearing the broad and daring opening E minor chord of Worth’s Fantasie Nègre No 1, my function and additional potential sounded into existence. The shimmering cascade of notes that adopted descended into a decrease melody that belonged to the Negro non secular Sinner, Please Don’t Let This Harvest Move. The tune was unfamiliar, however I instantly recognised its poignancy as a tune of the enslaved. I used to be awash in Worth’s musical palette of classical colourings and Black folkloric hues.
Bonds’ Troubled Water captivated me with a bass line that ebbed and flowed mysteriously throughout the opening bars, earlier than surfacing a melody from the Negro non secular Wade in the Water. I knew the tune’s metaphorical resonance for the enslaved looking for escape alongside the Underground Railroad, and I knew of its ties to the Bible story of child Moses hidden in the reeds by the Nile. Soulful overtones and historic undercurrents converged in Troubled Water in a approach that left me transfixed.
The lasting impressions of Worth’s and Bonds’ music had been the motive why my doctorate was a combine of written work and public efficiency. It was unattainable to go away this music unheard past my tutorial circles. I started to depart from the canonic giants who had as soon as dominated my repertoire to focus extra on my interpretations of lesser-known works. And it was round this time that the Czech composer Vítězslava Kaprálová (1915-1940) got here into my life. I used to be 26 years outdated once I first heard her Sonata Appassionata, solely eight years older than she had been when she wrote this emotionally complicated and harmonically kaleidoscopic work, and just one 12 months older than she was when she died from tuberculosis.
As a fan of the Czech modernist Bohuslav Martinů, I had merely been curious to know if there have been any ladies in his inventive circle. And following an unsophisticated on-line search comprising the phrases “Martinů”, “lady” and “composer,” I discovered her. As had been the case with Worth and Bonds, I used to be but to study of Kaprálová’s life story, however the music instructed me a lot about who she was and, unexpectedly, ignited a new fire inside me.
Kaprálová achieved a lot in such a brief area of time: she was the first lady to check conducting and composition at the Brno Conservatory; the first feminine conductor of the Czech Philharmonic; one of the first ladies to conduct the BBC Symphony Orchestra; and she or he had an impressively strong catalogue of works to her identify, from orchestral items to intimate songs.
Bringing her music into my repertoire spurred me to return to phrases with the vulnerability I felt as a live performance pianist. My performances of Worth’s and Bonds’ music had at all times been encased in my analysis and in the tales of my musical upbringing that I felt comfy sharing. However enjoying Kaprálová’s music felt akin to telling the components of my private story that I typically wrestle to place into phrases. The vitality in her music made me really feel the depth of my own aliveness, which is one thing I knew I wanted to convey to my performances as a live performance pianist, regardless of the repertoire.
I’ll carry out Worth’s Fantasie Nègre, Bonds’ Troubled Water and Kaprálová’s Sonata Appassionata at my Barbican debut on 24 November. As the first pianist to play these works in the UK, I’m conscious that many in the viewers can be assembly these composers for the first time. Moreover, as a historian who primarily leads with written analysis, I do know that many in the viewers can be assembly me as a live performance pianist for the first time, too. It is smart then that I introduce myself alongside the three Twentieth-century trailblazers who helped me discover my voice.
My Barbican programme is a testimony to how Worth, Bonds, and Kaprálová have lived on by way of their music. However the components of their legacies that I cherish the most are how, virtually a century later, they proceed to encourage new methods for us to dwell in the world in the present day. They usually compel us to share that aliveness, that existence, with each other.
Samantha Ege performs at Milton Court, Barbican, London on 24 November.