Revealed: the Flint water poisoning charges that never came to light | Flint water crisis

A group of prosecutors and investigators main the investigation into the Flint water crisis from 2016 by means of 2018 have been assembling a racketeering case towards the architects of a bond deal that residents and consultants say sparked the well being catastrophe, sources accustomed to the prison investigation have instructed the Guardian.

The case – which might have come underneath the Rico (racketeer-influenced and corrupt organizations) legal guidelines usually used to cost organized crime teams – was widespread and set to implicate extra state officers who performed a task in the poisoning of Flint, in accordance to these sources.

However when the group was instantly damaged up and the investigation restarted with a brand new set of investigators, the Rico case never materialized.

What occurred? Critics level to the Michigan lawyer basic, Dana Nessel.


Working to change the term-limited Republican lawyer basic Invoice Schuette in 2018, Nessel, a Democrat, criticized the Flint prison investigation underneath Schuette as “politically charged present trials” and campaigned on revamping the investigation. Shortly after Nessel gained the lawyer basic race and took workplace, her administration fired the prime prosecutors and investigators engaged on the Schuette-launched investigation and restarted the prosecution with a brand new group.

At that level, the prosecution group assembled by Schuette had been working for almost three years – and filed prison charges towards 15 Michigan state and Flint metropolis officers, together with 4 officers charged with monetary fraud that prosecutors mentioned triggered the water crisis.

However when Nessel relaunched the investigation, her workplace dropped charges towards prime state and metropolis officers, citing flaws in the Schuette-era investigation. In 2021, Nessel’s workplace recharged a number of of these defendants – with a brand new spherical of indictments that included involuntary manslaughter, misconduct in workplace, obstruction of justice, extortion and perjury. However gone have been the monetary fraud charges.

Dana Nessel in March 2019. {Photograph}: Paul Sancya/AP

“Nessel let it go,” mentioned Eric Mays, chairman of the Flint metropolis council, who intently adopted the prison prosecution each earlier than and after Nessel. “Was it a scarcity of political or authorized will? I can’t say. Nevertheless it bothers me to this present day her group hasn’t addressed it.”

When reached for remark, a spokesperson for Nessel’s workplace mentioned: “The prosecution group reviewed all the proof and pursued all viable charges.”

When she was an attorney-general hopeful, Nessel’s criticism of the Flint investigation frightened native activists. Days earlier than the 2018 basic election, Melissa Mays – a Flint water activist and the lead plaintiff in a significant civil lawsuit towards the former Michigan governor Rick Snyder, amongst others – reached out to Gretchen Whitmer, the Democratic candidate then operating for governor. In an electronic mail obtained by the Guardian, Mays expressed concern over rising hypothesis that Nessel deliberate on overhauling the Flint investigation.

Mays – a mom of three whose youngsters have been sickened by consuming Flint’s contaminated water as was she – was particularly frightened that, if elected, Nessel would hearth Todd Flood, the particular prosecutor appointed by Schuette. It was Flood who brought financial fraud charges towards the two emergency managers appointed by Snyder to run Flint rather than its elected mayor and metropolis council – Darnell Earley and Gerald Ambrose – in addition to two Flint metropolis officers.

Whitmer wrote again: “Whereas Schuette is an opportunist he’s additionally a talented politician whose [sic] begun one thing that the folks of Flint can recognize some worth in,” she mentioned. Whitmer additionally supplied Mays her assurances: “I see it although and can speak to [Nessel].”

It’s unclear if Whitmer ever did communicate with Nessel. (Whitmer didn’t reply to the Guardian’s request for remark earlier than publication.) Shortly after Nessel took workplace, Fadwa Hammoud, appointed by Nessel as the state’s solicitor basic, fired Flood.

The disappearance of the monetary fraud charges is critical as a result of the bond deal that allowed the metropolis of Flint to change its water provide had been closely investigated by the Schuette-era prosecution.

In 2014, Flint wanted to borrow almost $100m to be a part of the proposed Karegnondi Water Authority (KWA), a brand new regional system that Flint would be a part of as each a buyer and half proprietor. However at the time, the metropolis was broke and at its borrowing restrict.

A state-issued environmental order allowed the metropolis to get round its debt restrict and entry $85m in funding, cash earmarked for an “environmental calamity” – on this case, the cleanup of an area lime sludge pit. However the prosecution underneath Schuette alleged that the cash provided by this order for the cleanup was redirected for different functions as a substitute permitting Flint to subject tens of thousands and thousands of {dollars} in bonds to be a part of the KWA.


The allegedly fraudulent environmental order additionally mandated that the metropolis of Flint use the Flint River as its water supply whereas the KWA pipeline was underneath building. It outlined tens of thousands and thousands of {dollars} in upgrades wanted for the metropolis’s water plant so that the plant might safely deal with Flint River water for residents to drink. The issue: updates have been nowhere close to accomplished when the metropolis switched its water provide to the Flint River in April 2014. As well as, a failure to add correct corrosion management chemical substances into the Flint River water provide resulted in lead leaching off Flint’s older pipes and poisoning residents’ consuming water.

The Flint River.
The Flint River. {Photograph}: Rebecca Cook dinner/Reuters

Talking earlier than a state authorities committee in 2018, Andy Enviornment, former director of the FBI’s workplace in Detroit, mentioned: “We consider there was vital monetary fraud that drove this.” Enviornment was the chief Flint water investigator underneath the Schuette-era investigation however was dismissed after Nessel took workplace. After his firing, Enviornment revealed that his group have been inside six months of submitting vital monetary charges, which he described as ”dropping a heavy rock”.

Sources accustomed to the Flint prison investigation instructed the Guardian that these impending indictments have been to be filed as Rico charges. In fashionable historical past, Rico charges have been mostly – however not all the time – used towards members of the mafia and arranged crime syndicates.

Paperwork obtained by the Guardian additional affirm Flood’s investigation was wanting into potential bribery and racketeering, key cogs of Rico instances. In a single petition to subpoena an out of doors contractor who labored as a KWA venture supervisor, obtained by the Guardian, prosecutors mentioned they’d “cheap trigger to consider that corrupt transactions involving sure contractors, the Genesee county drain commissioner’s workplace, different entities and individuals of curiosity” had occurred. The header of the petition specified that prosecutors have been investigating bribery, racketeering and false pretenses.

Regardless of the authentic investigation’s momentum, the racketeering investigation vanished after Nessel cleaned home and relaunched the inquiry.

“My place is that Flood was heading in the proper course,” Mays mentioned, who as well as to cooperating with the former prosecution group turned a member of the KWA board after the authentic 2014 bond deal was struck. “I adopted the proceedings on the fraudulent bond sale. I do know there have been Rico charges in the works.”

A number of sources accustomed to the investigation famous that if the monetary fraud or Rico charges had been filed, the state of Michigan confronted the potential of tons of of thousands and thousands in legal responsibility over the KWA bond deal – since the lawyer basic’s workplace underneath Schuette in the end signed off on the allegedly fraudulent administrative order that greenlit Flint to borrow tens of thousands and thousands to be a part of the KWA. (The order was signed by an assistant attorney general in Schuette’s workplace.)

“All too prevalent on this Flint water investigation was a precedence on steadiness sheets and funds relatively than well being and security of the residents of Flint,” Schuette mentioned in an announcement in 2016. At that time, his workplace had charged 4 officers with false pretenses and conspiracy to commit false pretenses for his or her position in the Flint water crisis.

Requested for remark for this piece, Schuette instructed the Guardian: “We had a powerful group,” occurring to refer to Enviornment and Flood. Schuette added: “We had a really aggressive method when it comes to the charges you’re speaking about. I hope there may be nonetheless a dedication to the folks of Flint, and getting them the full justice they deserve.”

JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo, who together with a 3rd monetary agency underwrote the KWA bond deal, might have additionally confronted comparable monetary penalties for failing to do their due diligence, as outlined in the administrative order that preceded the bond deal, to guarantee that obligatory upgrades to Flint’s water plant have been accomplished, such that the plant might safely deal with Flint River water. In 2020, the banks have been sued on behalf of two,600 Flint youngsters for his or her “conscience stunning conduct” in financing the deal that led to “dire well being penalties to the youngsters of Flint”.

JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo declined to remark.

Why Nessel, who pressured justice for Flint as an lawyer basic hopeful, and the prosecution group she selected dropped already-filed monetary fraud charges towards state and metropolis officers is an open query. For a lot of who’ve extensively adopted and studied the Flint water crisis, Nessel’s strikes don’t make sense.

“I never understood why the lawyer basic disrupted the preliminary investigation, dropped the preliminary charges, or set a special course in her new charges that chart a course away from the problems with financing the KWA pipeline,” Peter Hammer, a Wayne State regulation professor who authored an intensive civil rights report on the Flint water crisis, mentioned.

“Her selections imply that a few of the most vital questions relating to the crisis – the political and financial forces driving the KWA pipeline – will not be being addressed. This provides a brand new tragedy for the folks of Flint who deserve to know the root causes of their struggling and to maintain any monetary wrongdoing accountable,” added Hammer.

The Flint water crisis now enters 12 months eight. Each Nessel and Whitmer are standing for re-election. In the meantime, the inhabitants of Flint has fallen to underneath 95,000 residents, the lowest it’s been in additional than a century. Not all of the metropolis’s lead service strains have been changed and residents’ broken residence plumbing, additionally broken from the poisonous Flint River water, haven’t been addressed.

Residents nonetheless complain of rashes, hair loss and different illnesses from the metropolis’s consuming water.

The Flint prison investigation underneath Nessel didn’t reply to the Guardian’s request for remark earlier than publication.

  • Jordan Chariton is an investigative reporter and the CEO of Status Coup News, an unbiased information outlet that covers political corruption, protest actions, working-class exploitation and neglected communities. Charlie LeDuff is a Pulitzer prize-winning reporter primarily based in Michigan

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