‘The grid is in want of full alternative’
PREPA, which recurrently delay grid upkeep due to monetary shortfalls, may have a main voice in how the incoming FEMA funds are spent as a result of it should put forth initiatives for the company and its regulator to approve. The utility is underneath strain from the Queremos Sol coalition and different organizations to shift its focus extra towards renewables fairly than rebuilding present or growing new petroleum-based infrastructure.
The system has been in “extreme decay” as a result of years of poor upkeep and additional destabilized by the 2020 earthquake, mentioned Luis Martinez, director of Southeast vitality for the Pure Assets Protection Council’s local weather and clear vitality program.
“I feel the grid is in want of full alternative,” he mentioned, including that it was not designed to face up to the extra highly effective hurricanes that local weather change will more and more stir within the Atlantic. “Simply the structure with technology within the South being despatched to the San Juan space within the Northeast throughout the central mountain vary … makes it very troublesome and dear to restore and keep.”
Crops that run on gas oil or diesel nonetheless offered half the island’s power in 2020, whereas imported pure fuel has seen its share attain 29 p.c and coal generated 19 p.c. Hydropower and different renewables offered solely 2.5 p.c.
Underneath the 2019 Puerto Rico Power Public Coverage Act (17-2019), PREPA is required to acquire 40 p.c of its electrical energy from renewable assets by 2025, 60 p.c by 2040 and one hundred pc by 2050. The legislation additionally requires it to part out coal-fired technology by 2028.
These figures are roughly according to Biden’s purpose for the nation and set a tempo that local weather advocates say ought to preclude additional dependence on fossil fuels on the island.
“I do suppose Puerto Rico has the chance to go from a system primarily based on petroleum, which may be very antiquated when it comes to producing electrical energy, to basically a state-of-the-art distributed renewable-based system, which might then be a mannequin for different states,” Martinez mentioned. He suggested towards taking “that intermediate step that a lot of oldsters appear to be pushing for, which is to go to imported liquefied fuel, which is much more costly.”
However González-Colón dismissed these inexperienced ambitions as unfeasible for the speedy future, saying the island must take an “all-of-the-above” strategy whereas the grid is being rebuilt to allow extra renewables.
”We have to use LNG as a method to reduce bills and stabilize the system on the identical time you’re investing in renewable vitality,” she mentioned.
For LUMA, the issues are extra speedy. Information the corporate provided to the legislature present that its common power outage time greater than doubled to 5 hours in contrast with lower than half that point in 2020 because it took over the grid in June, in line with a report in The New York Occasions, although CEO Wayne Stensby has mentioned figures from earlier years undercounted the outage time. These service disruptions prompted a protest that closed a freeway in San Juan in October.
The connection between LUMA Power and Puerto Rican legislators has additionally deteriorated to the purpose that a choose in Puerto Rico discovered Stensby in contempt of courtroom and issued an arrest order on Nov. 10 for failing to offer requested paperwork, together with these pertaining to govt salaries and the make-up and expertise of its workforce. The choose later nullified the order after LUMA offered the paperwork.
The grid in Puerto Rico was already “in fairly dangerous form” as a result of deferred upkeep by PREPA, mentioned Cathy Kunkel, vitality program supervisor with Cambio PR, a company selling sustainable insurance policies and methods in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. However “the LUMA privatization has actually made issues worse.”
Earlier than becoming a member of Cambio, Kunkel was lead creator of a report printed in August by the Institute for Power Economics and Monetary Evaluation that described important points with the LUMA Power contract in addition to damaging voltage fluctuations and poor customer support for the reason that firm took over the grid. The report attributed the issues to a lack of personnel, inadequate transparency and the absence of efficient oversight.
Stensby, at an Oct. 6 listening to by the Home Pure Assets Committee, blamed a union blockade for a sluggish begin to restore work and noticed that “PREPA is definitely the worst performing utility in america by every measure.”
“It took 20 years for PREPA to get on this state, we shouldn’t neglect, and that’s why it’s so essential to get began and proceed to push forward,” he mentioned. The corporate has since reached an settlement with the Worldwide Brotherhood of Electrical Staff, which is able to signify LUMA lineworkers, whereas the corporate will make investments $10 million in a technical coaching program for these employees.
LUMA mentioned it has made enhancements in its first six months of managing the grid, corresponding to upgrading greater than 1,800 power poles and dozens of essential distribution breakers to cut back the chance of future outages.
“Any service interruption is one too many and we’re working onerous to make the service and infrastructure enhancements in order that prospects see fewer interruptions,” the corporate mentioned in a Dec. 3 assertion.
LUMA mentioned it has related photo voltaic panels for 12,000 prospects since June, amounting to 50 megawatts of renewable vitality. In September, LUMA has additionally launched a map on its web site to indicate prospects and builders what areas could most simply settle for photo voltaic initiatives. And the corporate mentioned it’s on monitor to get rid of a backlog of photo voltaic connection requests by January.
Pushing forward with fossil fuels
Within the meantime, PREPA’s regulator approved the utility to start preliminary work for a new fossil fuel-powered unit or vitality storage on the fuel-oil power plant Palo Seco to guard towards close to time period value fluctuations of photo voltaic PV and battery vitality storage and different potential reliability issues. Environmental justice advocates have objected to the venture due to the general public well being and different harms it could trigger for close by communities.
Environmental advocates are hoping with $9.4 billion in FEMA cash flowing to Puerto Rico, the federal authorities will assist tip the scales towards renewable power. However in August, the company dashed their hopes by declaring that the power grid work in Puerto Rico would don’t have any important affect on the surroundings.
A coalition known as the Alianza Energía Renovable Ahora, the Alliance for Renewable Power Now, requested the company in October to rethink that discovering. The coalition accused FEMA of bucking repeated directions from Congress to direct funding away from infrastructure weak to storms, failing to adjust to Nationwide Environmental Coverage Act’s mandates to think about all vitality alternate options and their local weather impacts, and failing to account for environmental justice.
Particularly, the group says the company ought to have a look at alternate options corresponding to battery vitality storage and rooftop photo voltaic.
A FEMA spokesperson mentioned through e mail that it fastidiously evaluations all requests and is evaluating this one.
However NRDC’s Martinez mentioned FEMA could “put its foot down” and say the funding proposals should meet the Biden administration’s objectives, necessities imposed by the Puerto Rico Power Bureau and the island’s renewable vitality legislative goal.
“If they are saying that, I feel that can make clear how a lot wiggle room the utility has to basically go rogue,” he mentioned. “They’re not following what the legislation says or what the regulators say.”
A PREPA spokesperson could not be reached for remark, however a FEMA spokesperson mentioned through e mail that “whereas FEMA has no standing within the phrases of the contract between PREPA and LUMA, FEMA has labored with the Authorities of Puerto Rico to maximise the flexibleness of funding, together with the flexibility to pursue renewable vitality assets.”
However Queremos Sol’s Santiago mentioned the island’s persevering with power outages and its sluggish transition to photo voltaic power pose an environmental justice subject — one which the Biden administration has the power to deal with.
“What we’re seeing proper now could be that anybody who can afford to get rooftop photo voltaic and batteries is doing it. The issue is we don’t have a lot of people that can afford to try this on their very own,” she mentioned. “The way in which to get this answer in place — and everybody agrees it’s a answer to have rooftop photo voltaic and battery vitality storage methods onsite — is to make use of these federal funds.”