Pots of gold: a step-by-step guide for gorgeous spring flowers | Gardening advice

It feels a little odd, approaching a second spring within the shadow of a dreadful cloud. I’ll always remember the expertise of rush-sowing a bucket of wildflower seed in a park near my work, in March final yr, earlier than packing up instruments and heading residence for lockdown. The flowers bloomed, however I barely noticed them.

In fact, spring 2020 was unsurpassably lovely, delivering the type of climate that made crops flush with gratitude. On my day by day walks I witnessed a rolling succession of entrance gardens: muscari by no means bluer, lilacs by no means brighter and spectacular blossoms. Spring flowers, the primary to observe the darkish months, really feel particularly rousing: anemones, primulas, lungworts, tulips and narcissi, and the profusion of bulbs whose emergence is accompanied by lush foliage and the unfurling of ferns.

This yr, we now have a head begin on one other unsure spring: now could be the time to organize pots of joyful blooms – for gardens and windowsills, balconies or the entrance step – to cheer the approaching months, and to sow seeds that can flower all through summer time. Backyard centres are open and plenty of nurseries provide mail-order crops. So, if like me, you plan to domesticate your self a remedial color repair, listed here are 5 concepts for pots that includes the very best early spring bloomers – but additionally annuals that can flourish till autumn. If not for your individual wellbeing, do it for the pollinators.


Plants in pot composite. Clockwise, from bottom left: Anemone blanda; Erythronium ‘Pagoda’; Cardamine trifolia; hart’s-tongue fern; Narcissus poeticus; Ajuga reptans; N. ‘Tête-à-tête’; Epimedium x versicolor; Lenten rose
Clockwise from backside left: Anemone blanda; Erythronium ‘Pagoda’; Cardamine trifolia; hart’s-tongue fern; Narcissus poeticus; Ajuga reptans; N. ‘Tête-à-tête’; Epimedium x versicolor; Lenten rose. Composite: Guardian Design/Getty/Alamy

No flower kickstarts spring like a hellebore. Amongst their many sorts, hybrids of H. orientalis (the Lenten rose) are thought of probably the most vibrant, ranging white, pink via to pale yellow, with petals typically delicately freckled and anthers an attention-grabbing citrus. Make these the centrepiece, slicing away the massive palmate leaves to each expose their charming blooms and make room for an underplanting of both shiny white Cardamine trifolia, coppery Ajuga reptans or the sulphurous sprays of barrenwort (Epimedium x versicolor).


For those who missed the boat planting narcissi final autumn, now could be the time to select up potted bulbs “within the inexperienced”. Though pricier and extra restricted in vary, you’ve got the benefit of exact positioning. The commonplace ‘Tête-à-tête’ daffodil will complement this scheme effectively, as will equally unpretentious species like N. poeticus or the miniature N. ‘Minnow’. Fill remaining house with vibrant additions such because the dainty Erythronium ‘Pagoda’ or vibrant, cornflower-blue Anemone blanda. Lastly, add both hart’s-tongue or Korean rock fern (Polystichum tsussimense) for contrasting greenery. These present a foliage foil for all three pots.


Plants in pot composite. Clockwise, from bottom left: wallflower ‘Blood Red Covent Garden’; forgetme-nots; Uvularia grandiflora; black tulips; wallflowers; common cowslips; Pulmonaria ‘Sissinghurst White’
Clockwise from backside left: wallflower ‘Blood Purple Covent Backyard’; forget-me-nots; Uvularia grandiflora; black tulips; wallflowers; frequent cowslips; Pulmonaria ‘Sissinghurst White’. Composite: Guardian Design/Alamy/Getty/Shutterstock

The skies are brightening, the times lengthening; time for the mid-spring faithfuls. Historically that is wallflower season (Erysimum cheiri) and there’s not often a scarcity in nurseries. I want the darker burgundy varieties (eg ‘Blood Red Covent Garden’), although E. ‘Ivory White’ has a decidedly sunny attraction. For one thing much less standard but each bit as putting, attempt the mysterious woodlander Uvularia grandiflora. There’s additionally a paler choice (‘var. pallida’) if yellow isn’t your factor. Tulips will probably be coming into their stride now and greater than probably pitching up on cut price racks. Decide for mushy apricots and velvet maroons.

That’s the peak, now the low-growers. Spring isn’t spring with out the froth of forget-me-nots (Myosotis spp.). Ask round – it’s probably you’ll know somebody whose backyard is overrun with these prolific self-seeders and is joyful to half with a clump; an alternate is Omphalodes ‘Cherry Ingram’. Then there are the ground-cover lungworts (Pulmonaria spp.): ‘Sissinghurst White’ for polka-dot leaves, ‘Blue Ensign’ for a richer azure. Primroses, for my part, belong within the hedgerow; cowslip (Primula veris), nevertheless (its cousin from the sector)provides a contact of the feral to April pots.


Plants in pot composite. Clockwise, from bottom left: Hesperis matronalis; Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Nora Barlow’; Hesperis matronalis ‘Dame’s Rocket’; A. vulgaris ‘Munstead White’; Euphorbia oblongata
Clockwise from backside left: Hesperis matronalis; Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Nora Barlow’; Hesperis matronalis ‘Dame’s Rocket’; A. vulgaris ‘Munstead White’; Euphorbia oblongata. Composite:
Guardian Design/Alamy/Getty/Hole

Whereas the British mark Might Day with hawthorn blossom, the French, ever refined, alternate perfumed stems of muguet(lily of the valley), nice for a well-watered container, together with its cousin, Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum × hybridum). Candy rocket (Hesperis matronalis) and perennial inventory (Matthiola incana) will ship showers of white via lilac, enhanced by the acid-green of Euphorbia oblongata (

Geums have risen to spring stardom since dominating the Chelsea flower present some years in the past. Pastel cultivars similar to ‘Pink Petticoats’ or ‘Totally Tangerine’ are attractively gentle and long-lasting flowers. Equally “naturalistic” in poise are the intricate petals of aquilegia. A. ‘Munstead White’ or A. chrysantha ‘Yellow Queen’ are as appealingly full of life as complicated stellata doubles like ‘Nora Barlow’ and ‘Ruby Port’. Once more, a good foliage plant helps enliven the flowers above. Add the deadnettle Lamium maculatum ‘White Nancy’ not solely for its silver splashed leaves, however the bonus flurry of white hooded flowers. Substitute with stout decorative grass Festuca glauca for pots in a sunnier place.

Planting spring pots

Any type pot will work so long as it might accommodate a number of crops, is no less than 20cm deep, and might be securely fixed, if wanted. Place the place they’ll obtain direct daylight for a good few hours however not get overly baked, and add damaged crockery or 2.5cm of horticultural grit within the backside for drainage. Fill with container compost; alternatively use peat-free multipurpose compost and add a handful of woodchip, do-it-yourself compost, coir fibre or backyard soil. When planting, go away a lip of about 2.5cm on the high, offering room for a layer of protecting mulch – grit or woodchip work greatest.

These pots might be planted in a single go or as and when crops turn into obtainable. The place possible, nevertheless, plant in multiples (three is simply the correct crowd) or in repetition, if utilizing a slender window planter. In the summertime months the crops might be transferred to a backyard border, or the pot in the reduction of and moved into semi-shade to relaxation. Permit bulbs to die again naturally earlier than snipping away foliage.

Sowing flowers from seed

Alongside planting spring pots, now could be the time to sow hardy annual flowers from seed. Very small seeds needs to be sprinkled on to moistened, evenly firmed compost in an open seed tray; for these barely bigger, sow individually into a multi-cell module tray, and canopy with a skinny layer of compost. I are likely to sow two per cell to double germination probabilities, eradicating one seedling if each are profitable. As soon as true leaves have sprouted (first to emerge would be the cotyledons that are half of the seed embryo), prise transplant into separate 9cm pots, first making ready a gap within the firmed compost with a pencil. Place pots someplace gentle, a little cooler and protected against frost. Water every now and then to keep away from compost drying out. Plant out into a sunny spot after the final frost. For seeds, attempt or .

Early summer time flowers

Plants in pot composite: From left: pot marigold; love-in-a-mist; cornflowers
From left: pot marigold; love-in-a-mist; cornflowers. Composite: Guardian Design/Alamy Illustration: Guardian Design/Guardian Design/Alamy

The pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) is simple to develop from seed. Attempt fashionable varieties, from showy singles similar to ‘Indian Prince’ to fluffy semi-doubles ‘Sunset Buff’, ‘Orange Flash’ or the apricot combine ‘Cantaloupe’ – simply deadhead spent blooms to lengthen flowering, and water roots effectively within the hotter weeks. Equally reliable are nasturtiums, making long-lasting edging crops for containers, trailing edible flowers and foliage all through summer time. Drop the massive peppercorn seeds into ready pencil holes 15-20cm aside across the container edge in April, cowl and water.

Love-in-a-mist (Nigella spp.) is a nice annual for sowing instantly into the bottom in April, or indoors in March: attempt the deep purple N. hispanica or tantalising white N. damascena ‘Miss Jekyll Alba’, which is able to develop to 40-50cm. Taller nonetheless is that stalwart of the European flower meadow, the cornflower (Centaurea cyanus). ‘Blue Boy’ delivers the basic azure look, though cultivars vary via deep maroon to white. Lastly, add candy peas (Lathyrus odoratus). All-round reliables embody the frilly pink ‘Anniversary’, brooding ‘Blue Velvet’ and complex ‘Matucana’. Tie collectively a supportive pyramid body of tall branching twigs for seedlings to climb; often slicing flowers for the vase will encourage extra to observe.

Late summer time flowers

Plants in pot composite. From left: Eschscholzia californica; Cosmos bipinnatus
From left: Eschscholzia californica; Cosmos bipinnatus. Terracini terracotta trough from Composite: Guardian Design/Getty/Alamy Illustration: Guardian Design/Guardian Design/Getty/Alamy/Terracini Terracotta Trough from

The tobacco plant (Nicotiana alata) is a incredible annual for offering mid- to late-season flowers – little “trumpet” stars held evenly on elegant stems. ‘Lime Green’ and ‘Crimson Bedder’ are a complementary combo and stay manageably compact. The big daisy Cosmos bipinnatus is one other tall summer time annual with stouter varieties to select from, together with ‘White Popsocks’ and creamy yellow ‘Xanthos’. Pinch out the rising ideas early on to stimulate bushy progress.

Eschscholzia californica (the California poppy) is a winner, blazing luminous orange via summer time and past. These might be sown instantly into the pot in April or into modules indoors, planting out rigorously after the final frosts. Decorative grasses, too, have a lengthy season of curiosity. Panicum elegans ‘Sprinkles’ stands tall, whereas bunny’s tail (Lagurus ovatus) is compact and irresistibly fluffy. Lastly, Dahlia variabilis ‘Bishop’s Children’ is a sensible combine of single-flowering dahlias (reds, pinks and oranges) dispelling the misapprehension that dahlias have to be grown from tubers. Blooms start in August and may proceed via to first frosts if repeatedly deadheaded.

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