“I am not a person for soldiering, though I do tolerably properly at it in a really minor position. However there may be nothing about it that pleases me, and a lot that offends … It’s a corrupter of morals in the widest sense and a gross waste of man’s time and effort.”
These phrases have been written by George Devine, the actor and founding creative director of the Royal Court theatre, in a letter to his spouse from Burma, the place he served in the second world war. The views he expressed mirrored what his household – and many in the arts world – thought to be his important humanity and compassion.
So, half a century after his dying, they have been shocked to find amongst his possessions an merchandise that gave the impression to be a trophy taken from the physique of a Japanese soldier. A battered suitcase found in a uncared for cabinet contained medals, chess items, eyeglass lenses – “items of him”, mentioned his great-grandson, George Pritchard. Nevertheless it additionally held “one thing completely out of place: a chunk of another person”.
The merchandise was a Japanese flag inscribed with good luck messages by the soldier’s family members, neighbours and group figures. Yosegaki hinomaru have been carried into battle by their recipients, and have been believed to carry the proprietor’s spirit. Who did this flag belong to, and how did it find yourself in Devine’s suitcase?
A 3-year seek for solutions to those questions is the topic of a documentary, Hinomaru: Homecoming of a Flag, made by Pritchard, which received greatest brief documentary at the Tokyo Worldwide Brief Movie Pageant final month.
“We didn’t actually know what it was once we discovered it, however as soon as we began researching we started to grasp its significance,” Pritchard, 26, instructed the Observer. “It was a shock. It was out of contact along with his character. It undoubtedly threw issues for us in the manner we considered him. So I wanted to get to the backside of it, and work out what really occurred.”
Throughout the war, Devine was a captain in the Royal Artillery primarily based in Burma and was twice talked about in despatches. In 1954, he co-founded the English Stage Firm, a radical theatre firm that started staging new performs at the Royal Court.
Its first huge success got here the following 12 months with John Osborne’s Look Again in Anger. Devine later wrote that his goal was to influence “writers of critical pretensions again into the theatre”. He died in his prime following a coronary heart assault in 1966, aged 55.
In 2017, when members of the family unfolded the newly found flag, they discovered hand-written messages radiating from the nationwide image of a purple circle, representing the solar. It was typical of yosegaki hinomaru, which got to younger males setting off to war by their communities.
There are quite a few accounts of Allied troopers taking such flags from the our bodies of useless Japanese troops as souvenirs. In line with one memoir, “the males gloated over, in contrast, and usually swapped their prizes. It was a brutal, ghastly ritual the likes of which have occurred since historical occasions on battlefields the place antagonists have possessed a profound mutual hatred”.
In recent times, a whole bunch of yosegaki hinomaru have been returned to households, usually in extremely emotional circumstances, via the work of the Obon Society, a charity devoted to peace and reconciliation.
Pritchard needed to trace down the flag’s proprietor, however “I didn’t know the place to start out”. He spent hours inspecting war data at the nationwide archives to plot the actions of Devine’s regiment and finally, in a “big breakthrough” helped by a Japanese educational, recognized the identify and the residence city of the soldier.
The younger film-maker wrote letters to individuals of the identical identify in the city, native officers and a close-by shrine. Lastly, after months of painstaking analysis, contact was made with the soldier’s household. However the thriller of how Devine acquired the flag was nonetheless to be unravelled, and a number of additional twists have been but to come back. In the finish, each households – Devine’s and the Japanese soldier’s – had discovered extra about the previous and their family members.
The 25-minute movie is the first Pritchard has made since graduating from the College of the Arts in London. “I funded this solely myself, it’s been a ardour challenge. Individuals from college helped me out. I lived at [my parents’] residence for the time it took, working in a pub kitchen, saving up sufficient cash to go on the market,” he mentioned.
He had at all times identified that his great-grandfather was “a fairly large deal in phrases of theatre historical past, however I hadn’t actually regarded into it till this flag turned up. Now I undoubtedly admire him extra”.