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Mount Etna illuminates night sky with 1,500-metre lava fountain | Volcanoes

Mount Etna’s spectacular eruptions reached a peak on Monday when the volcano’s lava fountains soared to 1,500 metres – a show described by one professional as “one of the vital hanging in the previous few a long time”.

Europe’s most energetic volcano has been on explosive kind in latest weeks, spewing incandescent magma and a copious bathe of ash, reaching so far as Catania.

Based on specialists, the fireworks present is a part of a Strombolian eruption that’s among the many regular actions of the greater than 3,300-metre-high volcano.

“Etna is placing on a present today,” stated Marco Neri, an professional in volcanology and a member of INGV, the Italian nationwide institute for geophysics and volcanology.

Lava flows from Etna, near Catania.
Lava flows from Etna, close to Catania. {Photograph}: Salvatore Allegra/AP
Large streams of red hot lava flow, as seen from the village of Fornazzo
Huge streams of red-hot lava, as seen from Fornazzo village {Photograph}: Antonio Parrinello/Reuters

“That is definitely the strongest explosion within the southern crater that was found in 1971. We have now not seen such excessive explosions for years however in the mean time there isn’t a threat to the inhabitants, aside from the smoke that may create respiratory issues for just a few hours, and the ash that covers buildings and streets.”

On Monday, at about 11pm, the lava fountains, surrounded by gigantic clouds of smoke, exceeded 1,500 metres (4,900ft) in top, whilethousands of rock fragments have been thrown from the crater into the sky for a number of kilometres.

“It was definitely one of the vital spectacular eruptions of latest a long time,” Boris Behncke, volcanologist on the Nationwide Institute of Geophysics in Catania, stated. “However this falls inside the unusual exercise of this volcano. Etna is doing very regular issues, even when every time all the pieces appears greater, stronger, extra vibrant and extra threatening.”

Lava fountains put on a spectacular display.
Lava fountains placed on a spectacular show. {Photograph}: Getty Pictures

Based on volcanologists, Etna is spewing primitive magma, a time period that refers to forms of magma whose composition has modified little, in contrast with that of the earth’s mantle the place they shaped. It’s a deeper magma that comes from the bowels of the mountain and carries a larger cost of gasoline. For that reason, it’s able to producing strikingly tall lava fountains.

“This type of contemporary magma has been seen earlier than and that is what produces these very excessive lava fountains,” Behncke stated. “Keep in mind that in 1789 the lava fountains reached 3,000 metres. It’s stated the lava lit up the sky a lot that it was attainable to learn even at night.”

Etna’s frequent eruptions have typically profoundly modified the panorama of south-east Sicily and, on many events, constituted a risk to the settlements on its slopes.

Etna’s south-east crater, photographed from Catania.
Etna’s south-east crater, photographed from Catania. {Photograph}: Davide Anastasi/Rex/Shutterstock

The longest eruption on report occurred July 1614, when the explosive actions lasted 10 years and the volcano emitted greater than 1bn cubic metres of lava, overlaying 21 sq km.

The perfect identified and most harmful eruption occurred in 1669, when lava, accompanied by earthquakes, buried dozens of cities and even reached the ocean.

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