Edward O Wilson, a US naturalist known to some as the “modern-day Darwin”, died on Sunday on the age of 92 in Massachusetts, his basis mentioned in a assertion.
Alongside the British naturalist David Attenborough, Wilson was thought-about one of many world’s main authorities on pure historical past and conservation.
“EO Wilson was referred to as ‘Darwin’s pure inheritor’ and was known affectionately as ‘the ant man’ for his pioneering work as an entomologist,” the inspiration wrote. It didn’t cite a reason for dying however mentioned a tribute was deliberate for 2022.
Along with groundbreaking work in evolution and entomology, in his later years Wilson spearheaded a marketing campaign to unite scientific and spiritual communities in an odd-couple pairing he felt offered the perfect likelihood to protect Earth.
Wilson offered his views in additional than 30 books, two of which – On Human Nature in 1979 and The Ants in 1991 – gained Pulitzer prizes. His writing type was way more elegant than might need been anticipated from a scientist.
He even ventured into fiction in 2010 with Anthill, a coming-of-age novel about an Alabama boy attempting to avoid wasting marshlands.
Amongst Wilson’s most controversial works was Sociobiology: the New Synthesis, from 1975, through which he wrote that every one human habits was a product of genetic predetermination, not discovered experiences.
By popping out in favor of human nature over nurture, he set off a firestorm of criticism, along with his harshest opponents accusing him of being racist and sexist.
One protester threw water on Wilson whereas he was talking at a convention as others chanted, “Wilson, you’re all moist”. It was, Wilson mentioned later, a matter of satisfaction for him that he was keen to pursue scientific reality regardless of such assaults.
He grew up a Bible-reading Southern Baptist however fell away from the church as he studied evolution. Wilson would later describe himself as a “provisional deist” – somebody keen “to just accept the chance that there’s some type of clever pressure past our present understanding”.
He managed to tie science and faith collectively in a 2006 e book, The Creation: An Attraction to Save Life on Earth, a sequence of letters written to an imaginary Baptist preacher in pursuit of an ecological alliance to avoid wasting the Earth.
In a 2011 graduation handle on the College of North Carolina, Wilson argued that humanity wanted to make adjustments in the way it managed the planet.
“We now have stone age feelings, medieval establishments and god-like know-how,” he mentioned.
Wilson as soon as mentioned destroying a rainforest for financial achieve was like burning a Renaissance portray to cook dinner a meal.
He gained the Nationwide Medal of Science, the very best US science honor, and dozens of different awards. In 1995, Time journal listed him among the many 25 most influential People.
He was born on 10 June 1929, in Birmingham, Alabama. After his mother and father divorced, he had a nomadic childhood along with his father, an alcoholic accountant who would kill himself. The frequent strikes made it tough for Wilson to kind lasting friendships.
Wilson got here to consider nature as his favourite companion and spent hours prowling forests, streams and swamps, observing wildlife. A childhood fishing accident led Wilson to myrmecology, the research of ants. A fish’s fin minimize his eye, leaving his imaginative and prescient so impaired that he couldn’t observe bigger animals from a distance. As a substitute, he targeting smaller creatures he may research up shut.
Wilson was 13 and dwelling in Alabama when he was credited with discovering the primary colony of imported hearth ants within the US, in keeping with the Harvard Gazette. He later made one other vital discovery about ants, proving they used pheromone excretions to speak.
Wilson graduated from the College of Alabama and earned a doctorate at Harvard, the place he taught for a number of many years.
In 2005, the EO Wilson Biodiversity Basis was established in his identify to advance conservation, and in 2008 Wilson realized a dream when the Encyclopedia of Life went on-line, a Wikipedia-like web site designed to doc all 1.9m dwelling species on Earth. A documentary about his life, Darwin’s Pure Inheritor, was made that 12 months.
Wilson and his spouse, Irene, lived in Lexington, Massachusetts. He had a daughter, Catherine.