Bulldozers, violence and politics crack an Indian dream of utopia | India

Nestled deep within the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, cocooned from the world by a younger forest, lies a neighborhood that desires to alter the world. Ask the residents, of Auroville, who come from greater than 60 international locations, what they’re doing there and the reply will likely be a lot the identical because it has been for greater than 5 many years: “The aim of Auroville is to understand human unity.”

Auroville was based in 1968, with a imaginative and prescient to construct an worldwide metropolis to upend inflexible class and caste programs and be free of the air pollution, site visitors, chaos, garbage, social isolation and suburban sprawl which have poisoned trendy city environments.

However over the previous few months, concord has turned to discord over makes an attempt to rework Auroville from a quiet eco-community right into a pioneering utopian metropolis.


Lata, a resident of Auroville because the Eighties, mentioned she had “by no means seen Auroville fractured like this”. “That is the primary time such violence has entered the neighborhood,” she added. “What concerning the dream of unity that introduced us all right here?”


Tensions got here to a head final month, when JCBs rolled into Auroville’s forests to start a controversial growth that has created a schism not like something seen earlier than on this peace-loving neighborhood. Dozens of residents threw themselves in entrance of the bulldozers, whereas others backed the demolitions. A case towards the venture is now being heard by India’s highest environmental courtroom.

“It’s not simply invaluable bushes and buildings which have been bulldozed, it’s the neighborhood processes, the unity that holds Auroville collectively,” mentioned Isa Pieta, 26, who was current. “I can’t consider they might go this far, sacrifice a lot in an effort to get what they needed.”

The rupture is being blamed by many on an “outsider”. Since 1988, though the Indian authorities has had jurisdiction over Auroville, the neighborhood has been largely left to its personal gadgets. However in July, Jayanti Ravi, a civil servant, arrived as the brand new secretary of the Auroville Basis and instantly started enacting the polarising agenda of growth.

Members of the Auroville settlement
Members of the Auroville settlement. {Photograph}: Hemis/Alamy

Ravi’s actions have despatched the neighborhood right into a tailspin; some really feel she is giving Auroville the push it wants after years of stasis and dysfunction, others say she is using roughshod over democratic neighborhood processes, and that her agenda is pulling the neighborhood aside on the seams.

Many have questioned, too, whether or not her motives are mired in politics. Ravi has held high-profile positions in Gujarat, prime minister Narendra Modi’s dwelling state, and in 2019, she authored a e-book that carried a suggestion from Modi on its cowl.

In recent times, there was a renewed curiosity in Sri Aurobindo, Auroville’s founding guru, by India’s ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Celebration (BJP). Although Aurobindo’s teachings explicitly spoke towards the communal politics which have turn into commonplace underneath the BJP, there was a marked try by its leaders to champion Aurobindo as an early proponent of the Hindutva ideology, which believes India ought to be a Hindu quite than secular state. Modi paid a go to to Auroville in 2018.

Many Auroville residents worry the sudden push for growth, is entangled in a bigger Hindu nationalist agenda to co-opt the legacy of Aurobindo, or to show their dwelling right into a profitable web site for non secular tourism.

“It’s excessive time Auroville strikes ahead,” Ravi informed the Observer. “It’s the one hundred and fiftieth start anniversary of Sri Aurobindo, which India is celebrating, and this growth is one thing which is lengthy overdue.”

Auroville (City of Dawn) was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa.
Auroville (Metropolis of Daybreak) was based in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa. {Photograph}: Frédéric Soltan/Sygma/Getty Pictures

Auroville was first dreamed up within the Twenties by Sri Aurobindo, an Indian freedom fighter who grew to become a number one Indian thinker and guru, and his French devotee and collaborator, Mirra Alfassa, often known as “the Mom”. Collectively in Aurobindo’s ashram in Puducherry they envisaged constructing a brand new metropolis the place humankind may attain unity.

After Sri Aurobindo’s demise, Alfassa inaugurated Auroville in 1968 on a barren piece of land just a few miles from the ashramWorking with the French architect Roger Anger, Alfassa created the Galaxy Plan, a imaginative and prescient of how an ideal metropolis ought to be constructed, designed alongside a format of “sacred geometry”. She needed Auroville to be a “metropolis for humanity” dwelling to 50,000 folks, with 75% reserved as a inexperienced belt for farming and forest. This was later translated into an official masterplan, which was authorized by Auroville residents and the Indian authorities.

At present, Auroville is dwelling to about 3,200 folks, largely from Europe, India and the US. They’ve enacted different fashions of foreign money, land possession, schooling and governance, planted over three million bushes to revitalise the land and their use of renewables and sustainable methods of residing are world-leading.

However in current many years town plans have been at a standstill, to the frustration of many. “Nothing has moved as a result of for years we’ve been caught between two factions,” mentioned Gijs Spoor, a resident. On one facet of the divide are residents who consider Auroville will succeed solely whether it is constructed precisely as envisaged within the masterplan, and that any revisions of the sacred geometry, or additional delays, would hinder the Mom’s “forward-thinking imaginative and prescient”.


“This masterplan is extra futuristic than we are able to even think about, however until we are able to construct it, what are we right here for?” mentioned Anu Majumdar, who has lived in Auroville since 1979. “Timber alone is not going to remedy all the issues of humanity. We’re presently 3,200 folks residing on 3,300 acres of land, which isn’t sustainable. We have to construct town for 50,000.”

However one other group, predominately youthful Aurovillians, view the utopian function by a unique environmental lens and argue that the masterplan, which was final revised and voted on by the neighborhood 22 years in the past, wants updating.

“We’re not anti-development, we’re simply pro-development in a means that actually respects nature, respects the surroundings, the water, the tens of millions of bushes we’ve planted which are going to resolve our survival on this land,” mentioned Pieta, who was born in Auroville. “To refuse to adapt the masterplan as a result of it could be ‘blocking the Mom’s dream’ smacks of non secular authoritarianism,” she added. “I don’t suppose it was the Mom’s dream to destroy the residing surroundings round us.”

It was into this deadlock that Ravi arrived. Together with a brand new basis governing board, additionally authorities appointed, a call was made to start constructing the masterplan instantly, beginning with a round street often known as The Crown. In addition they utilized for 10bn rupees (£9m) in authorities grants. “This place is one thing very lovely that India has so magnanimously supplied and we can’t have decadence and stagnation any longer,” mentioned Ravi. “The masterplan was already agreed by residents; it’s my mandate to implement it.”

Alternate options have been submitted by involved residents, however then, with out warning, on 4 December, bulldozers arrived within the forest, accompanied by police. That evening dozens of protesting Aurovillians stood of their pathway and prevented any demolition. However 5 days later the JCBs returned and this time razed a 25-year-old youth centre and lots of of bushes.

For a lot of Aurovillians, the way of demolition – together with alleged manhandling of residents – was a violence and division not like something that had seen of their neighborhood, and the resounding response was one of devastation, shock and ache.

Some residents filed a case towards the Auroville Basis to the Inexperienced Tribunal, India’s highest environmental courtroom, which led to an interim halt on all tree felling. And after a petition was signed by greater than 500 residents, a request for the event to be placed on maintain is being debated by the residents’ meeting, a course of anticipated to take greater than a month.

The fractures in the neighborhood have been on full show in a late December meeting assembly. It was the most important turnout in years and descended into chaos. Ravi’s try to handle the residents prompted uproar. There have been shouts of “can all of us relax”, requires deep respiratory and outbreaks of group-chanting of “Om” to attempt to deliver issues underneath management.

Nonetheless, many consider that as splintered because the neighborhood is now, the Auroville venture shouldn’t be misplaced altogether. “The neighborhood is fractured however I feel out of this darkness has come some good,” mentioned Sandeep Vinod Sarah, a resident who filed the tribunal case. “We’re lastly energised and confronted with our personal divisions. Now could be the time for therapeutic.”

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